This article is based on an interview with Prakash Koirala, son of former Prime Minister BP Koirala, a leader of Nepali Congress. This doesn’t reflect stand of APD; the view expressed by Koirala is his personal
Chaos in Nepal Harmful for China and India
Nepal’s politics is heading toward the wrong track. Current political situation cannot give sustainable peace and stability. Nepal cannot afford a protracted transition anymore. Nepal has turned to an ad-hoc nation because it is running as per the ad hoc constitution. Nepal has become a hostage to some handful leaders.
For sure, the current Constituent Assembly can’t produce new constitution even in the next three years. Let president Dr Ram Baran Yadav exercise his special power for the time-being in accordance with the Interim Constitution of Nepal. He can give a way out to the country and this will be a right decision. The president can use Nepal Army in this process because intervention of army has become essential to end this transition.
Neighboring countries’ role
Ongoing chaos in Nepal does not serve the interest of Nepali people, and it is equally harmful to our neighboring countries. But this political instability has served the interest of Western countries—mainly the United States of America and its allies, who never want to see a stable and prosperous Nepal. So, neighboring countries India and China can play a very good role in ending the current political chaos here; they should come together to resolve the ongoing crisis here.
Old International order is about to phase out
The old international order is almost going to be phased out. Americans themselves are accepting that the world has become ‘multi-polar’. America is not solely leading the world, and many countries have been emerging as superpower in the world—China, India, Brazil and others. America is facing economic recession and their economy is stagnant. The gap between rich and poor is huge in America. America and its allies seem quite reluctant to ‘digest’ the new international order under the leadership of China.
China’s role in ending Nepal’s transition would be very much as it is becoming the leader of the multi-polar world order. Nepal will also suffer from the worsened China-India relation.
A matured leadership is essential in India and China to deal with Nepal affairs. The anti-Chinese sentiment in India should be replaced with mutual understanding. India-China relations should be upgraded in a new level. If India and China fail to make a common position with regard to Nepal’s affairs, Nepal can be split up in two part-Northern parts and Southern part.
Failure of current leadership
The current leadership is failing to deliver the people’s aspirations. Leaders don’t have vision to make the country prosperous. We have been adopting multi-party democratic system for 25 years, but leaders made the system failure. Late King Birendra floated the concept of declaring Nepal as a Peace Zone. That was an innovative idea. 116 countries around the world, including China whole-heartedly endorsed King Birendra’s proposal at the United Nations. But India vehemently opposed Nepal to be declared as the peace zone. It needs a neutral referee in the country who can govern Nepal in a right manner and this is only the Monarchy.
I told Former Prime Minister Girija Babu that country would bear a high cost if the Monarchy was overthrown. The Indian establishment agreed to oust the monarchy from Nepal, but it was also unfortunate that China also okayed the same. Now everybody is realizing the vacuum of the monarchy in Nepal. Monarchy has still historical importance in Nepal, and it should be reinstated.
Nepal was never colonized and maintained its sovereignty and national interests. The current leadership should come out from old type of western mindset. Indian interference and high-handedness in Nepal’s internal matters is still prevailing. India has been always adopting the ‘divide and rule’ policy in Nepal.